Representatives of active communities often seek the resources and opportunities that can be accumulated on interesting, and most importantly, very necessary initiatives to the public space. At the strategic session "DECENTRALIZATION: Building Expert Potential for Reform" organized by the Society of Ukrainian Researchers NGOs, where we were invited as partners, we analyzed international donor projects and technical assistance programs for the implementation of the decentralization of government and local self-government reform. A small guide for the Knowledge Base:
І Grants of the European Union
Project "Support to Regional Development Policy in Ukraine (PPRRU)"
Financial resources: € 25 million - grants for regional development projects for the period 2014-2017 and € 6 million - technical assistance for the period 2013-2016.
The grant program is implemented by the EU Delegation in Ukraine.
Trainings and consultations within the framework of the project are carried out by GIZ.
The program provides finance to implement specific projects of local and regional authorities focusing on the strategic priorities identified in their regional development strategies. In any case, applications for financial assistance should relate to the socio-economic development of your community, in particular the quality of life, employment, etc.
REGIONET is a national network of specialists and practitioners on regional and local development.
More details here: http://www.surdp.eu/Grant-Facility.
Community Based Approach to Local Development Project III (IWG III)
Financial resources: € 23.8 million for the period 2014-2017.
It is implemented by UNDP / UNDP
Focused on the promotion of sustainable local development in Ukraine.
Program activities: energy efficiency, health, environment and water supply in the countryside, a new component of urban development is being implemented. The IWG will continue to promote the development of small farms and non-farm businesses in rural areas. The project will support the Government of Ukraine in developing policy principles for decentralization and share innovative approaches and progressive community-based governance practices and local community-based sustainable development through the Knowledge Management Center and training courses in 33 oblast universities.
The IWG has established cooperation with 24 oblasts, 201 districts. 800 rural councils and 25 cities. Regional departments of implementation are open in all oblast centers.
E-Governance and Transparency at the Level of Municipalities Project
Financial resources: 960 thousand dollars in 2014-2017
This is a component of the Community Based Approach to Local Development project. The goal is to introduce e-government at the municipal level.
More details here: http://www.cba.org.ua/ua/pronnas/proekt-cba.
EU Program "U-LEAD with Europe: Local Empowerment, Accountability and Development Program"
Financial resources: € 97 million for the period 2016-2020.
It is implemented in Ukraine by the European Union and its member countries Germany, Sweden and Poland through the German International Relief Society (GIZ) and the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA). Formation of the Program's funds: the EU - 60 million euros, Germany - 6 million euros, Sweden - 30 million euros, Poland - 1 million. The partner is the Ministry of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine.
The program will include two main components:
Component 1 - The program will focus on enhancing the institutional development of government at all levels for the effective implementation of decentralization and regional policy. The implementation of which corresponds to Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.
A Central Reform Office and 24 Local Government Development Centers will be set up to promote decentralization. U-LEAD plans to hold at least 600 trainings and consultations to improve the communication and management skills of civil servants at the local, regional and national levels, as well as more than 500 information campaigns that will encourage civil society to take a more active part in the reforms.
Component 2 - for the creation of Centers for the provision of administrative services and for the active participation of citizens in local development. Priority will be given to volunteered communities. It is the responsibility of the Swedish agency SIDA, will support the creation and rehabilitation of about 600 effective centers for the provision of administrative services (CNTA) throughout Ukraine.
In addition, U-LEAD is also a joint hub for GIZ projects, USAID projects in Ukraine DOBRE and PULSE, as well as a joint Ukrainian-Canadian EDGE project to support sector decentralization. Coordination of the program will take place through the Central Office of Reforms under the Ministry of Regional Development together with the EU, international donors, central and local authorities involved in decentralization.
More details: http://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/ukraine/index_en.htm.
ІІ US Agency for International Development Grants (USAID)
Decentralization - The Road to Better Results and Effectiveness - Decentralization Offering Better Results and Efficiency - DOBRE
The US Agency for International Development plans to provide $ 50 million for the implementation of this project during 2016-2021:
Stage I - Funding: $ 40 million for 4 years;
Phase II - funding: $ 10 million for 1 year.
The project implementer in Ukraine is the American company Global Communities. The main partner is the All-Ukrainian Association of Village and Village Councils (VASR). In turn, the VASRG cooperates with the Foundation in Support of Local Democracy (FSLD), the Malopolska School of Public Administration at Krakow University of Economics (MSAP / UEK), the National Institute of Democracy (NDI), Ukrainian Crisis Media Center (UCMC).
All DOBRE partners will support each United Territorial Community in the process of community-based strategic planning, which will result in the creation and funding of local economic development projects, public-private partnerships, improved service provision, and better management of public finances. Projects and initiatives supported by DOBRE will require an adequate local contribution, along with the funds provided by the DOBRE project. Through the network of local government support organizations and regional civil society organizations in each partner region, DOBRE will promote new co-operation and mobilization of resources for local self-government projects.
DOBRE will support United Territorial Communities in seven regions of Ukraine - Dnipropetrovsk, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kharkiv, Kherson, Kirovograd, Mykolaiv and Ternopil. As part of the DOBRE program, selected United Territorial Communities are committed to taking an active part in the full range of DOBRE activities and processes. Each United Territorial Community will sign a Memorandum of Understanding with DOBRE to confirm the commitment of the United Territorial Community to participate fully, and partners in the implementation of DOBRE - to provide a variety of assistance. Launched on June 8, 2016, 25 OTGs have already been selected. All is planned to take away 75 OTG.
More details here: http://www.globalcommunities.org/dobre.
Project "Support for agrarian and rural development"
The project will continue until 2020, and its implementation is provided by the company "Kimonix International". The project will work in several pilot regions, in particular, in Odessa, Mykolayiv, Kherson, Zaporozhye, Donetsk and Luhansk.
The goal of the Project is to support comprehensive, sustainable economic growth by promoting agricultural development and creating more attractive living conditions in the countryside of Ukraine.
The USAID Project "Support for Agrarian and Rural Development" invites the United Territorial Communities (OTGs) from Odesa, Mykolayiv, Kherson, Zaporizhzhya, Donetsk and Luhansk regions to work together to improve the market infrastructure and seek to improve it in order to increase the value added of agricultural products, Creation of workplaces, including non-agricultural direction, raising the income of peasants and improving the quality of life in communities. The project will collaborate with the OTGs that have already been developed or are in the process of developing the Strategy and Plan of Socio-Economic Development, which pay due attention to the development of local market infrastructure.
The project will provide selected OTG assistance in the preparation of local strategies for economic development in selected areas, preparation of projects (including investment) for improving the infrastructure, as well as by the outcome of the competition will partially finance their implementation.
The project will also help increase the export competitiveness of small and medium-sized producers of vegetables, fruits, milk and meat, helping small and medium-sized players to implement international standards of quality and safety of products, export products to foreign markets, and use of opportunities provided in Within the framework of the Agreement on an In-depth and Comprehensive Free Trade Area between Ukraine and the EU.
Project "Development of a course for strengthening local self-government in Ukraine (PULS)"
Period of implementation: December 14, 2015 - December 13, 2020
Budget: $ 8,200,000 USA within the framework of the Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the United States on Humanitarian Technology and Economic Cooperation of 07.05.1992 and the Agreement on Implementation of the Development Challenge between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the United States to promote more transparent and accountable governance processes for broader citizen participation of 17.08. 2014
The executor is the All-Ukrainian Association of Local Self-Government Bodies "Association of Ukrainian Cities" and its regional branches.
The purpose of the project is to create a favorable environment for the implementation of decentralization reform in Ukraine, strengthening local self-government, deepening democratic processes of territorial communities development and stability of the state.
The project is implemented in 3 components:
Formation of the legal field of decentralization reform (formation of the legislative base by experts and officials of local self-government bodies, united according to sectoral principle);
Increase of local self-government resources (increase of tax base of local self-government, increase of efficiency of property taxes, legalization of incomes, strengthening of financial autonomy of budgetary institutions, creation of conditions for access to additional financial resources for infrastructure development - credit and grant funds, reforming financing of such de-energized powers as education , Health protection, culture, social protection);
Strengthening the capacity of reform actors (work with targeted audiences of reform, introduction of information channels, dissemination of the success of decentralization reform and best practices of local self-government).
In the 24 oblasts, there are regional Reform Offices in the AUC RV, which consist of legal, budget and communications consultants.
More details here: http://www.auc.org.ua/.
IREX International Research and Exchanges Board
Work of IREX in this project is aimed at informing and engaging the public in the process of decentralization reforms.
Representatives from selected libraries and non-governmental organizations (2 representatives: 1 from the library and 1 from the public organization from the same community) will be able to take a three-day training in the nearest regional center. At the training participants will learn about reform and its implementation, get links, knowledge and unique interactive materials. Upon returning to their communities, participants with financial support of the program will hold informational events with the involvement of citizens in the implementation of the decentralization reform.
Libraries and public organizations of Ukraine from Odessa, Chernihiv, Zhytomyr, Poltava, Kyiv, Zaporizhzhia, Lugansk, Donetsk, Vinnytsya, Sumy, Lviv, Cherkassy, Khmelnytsky, Volyn, Rivne, Zakarpattia, Chernivtsi oblasts that are part of the united Territorial Communities (OTG) and seek to engage in a decentralization reform and promote community awareness of local self-governance.
More details here: https://www.irex.org/region/europe-eurasia/ukraine.
ІІІ Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD)
Expert Support for Governance and Economic Development (EDGE)
Period of implementation: 10.11.2014 - 31.07.2019
Budget: $ 18,824,758 in the framework of the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Canada on the Canadian Cooperation Program of 24.10.1994
Performer is AgriteamCanadaConsultingLtd. is responsible for the implementation of the EDGE project.
Agriteam Canada Consulting Ltd. (Canada) is a private consulting company specialized in recruiting leading Canadian and international professionals to address some of the most pressing economic and social problems facing the world today. The company works in different economies around the world to create greater equity and prosperity, using methods that promote empowerment, self-determination and sustainability.
The goal is to facilitate the implementation of the Government of Ukraine's commitment to implement comprehensive reforms in the country in accordance with the state programs, national and international agreements.
More details here: http://www.agriteam.ca/en/projects/profile/expert-deployment-for-governance-economic-growth-edge/.
IV Swiss Cooperation Office (SDC / SDC)
Swiss-Ukrainian project "Support for Decentralization in Ukraine" (DESPRO)
І phase 01.12.2006 - 31.12.2009
ІІ phase 01.02.2010 - 31.01.2012
III phase 01.05.2013 - 30.04.2017
The budget of the program is 20,465,548 Swiss francs, of which the 3rd phase is 9,277,003 Swiss francs in the framework of the Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Swiss Confederation on technical and financial cooperation of 13.10.1997.
Performer Swiss Center for Development Resource and Consultation (Skat Consalting Ltd.). The key partner of DESPRO is the Ministry of Regional Development, Construction and Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine.
Goal: The quality and accessibility of individual public services are improved with the participation of local communities and authorities that are institutionally strong, capable of joint efforts to promote the process of reforming the system of local self-government at the national level.
Task 1. Implementation of sustainable models of decentralized provision of services:
The development of mechanisms for decentralized provision of services at the level of small towns and villages of the target regions, their integration into the processes of national reforms in the area of decentralization with the aim of further spreading to other regions.
Providing advisory support on decentralization and local self-government reform to key national institutions and associations of local self-government based on experience gained during the project implementation on the local level, cooperation between different levels of government and community involvement in the reform process.
DESPRO provides technical assistance and improves utilities in the villages of Vinnytsia, Dnipropetrovsk, Ivano-Frankivsk, Poltava and Sumy regions. Taking this into account, at regional level DESPRO partners are oblast state administrations and oblast councils, rayon state administrations, district, village and town councils, non-state organizations in target regions.
The DESPRO project is helping to prepare for the reform of local self-government
As a part of this activity, the first School of Local Self-Government, which consists of two stages of full-time education and a distance-based electronic course, began to work.
The DESPRO project contributes to the preparation for community reform by improving the infrastructure of villages, towns and small towns
The DESPRO project has gained experience of decentralization on the ground, in communities. The question of the readiness of communities in villages, towns and small towns to reform is extremely relevant. The implementation of decentralized water supply, waste management and wastewater management projects promotes social mobilization of citizens, prepares them for participation in decision-making, improves the quality of community life, and creates an active civil position.
Instead, in our case, not a separate project application is evaluated, but the community as a whole, the status of the community, its potential and readiness for effective collaboration with DESPRO project on planning and implementation of development projects.
More details here: http://despro.org.ua/.
V European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Eastern European Partnership in the field of energy efficiency and environmental protection (E5P)
Budget: 108 million euros
E5P is a multilateral donor fund. These funds are used to provide grants for projects in the municipal sector.
E5P is involved in projects through co-financing. E5P grants act as an incentive that encourages municipal clients to receive loans from participating executing organizations:
-Council of Europe Development Bank (BRD)
-European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
-European Investment Bank (EIB)
-International Finance Corporation (IFC)
-KfW (Credit Institution for Rebuilding - German State Development Bank)
-Ecological Finance Corporation of Northern Europe (EFCPE)
-Investment Bank of Northern Europe (IBE)
-World Bank (SB).
Energy efficiency of public and residential buildings (Dnipropetrovsk EBRD 20 million Yen, Zhytomyr EFPPE 3 million Ye, E5P 1.35 Ye)
Restoration of centralized heat supply systems (Poltava EBRD 15 million, E5R 5 million, Lutsk EBRD 20 million Yen, E5P 10 million Yen)
Rehabilitation of water supply and sewage systems (Mykolayiv credit R 5.1 million)
More details here: http://www.ebrd.com/home.
VI Swedish International Development Agency (Sida)
Energy Efficiency Project
Financial resources: 16.1 million euros in 2010-2019
The goal is to increase energy efficiency and reduce emissions to the environment.
The project makes it possible (through a multilateral trust fund managed by the EBRD) to co-finance investment projects that will be offered by international financial institutions.
More details here: http://www.sida.se/English/where-we-work/Europe/Ukraine-/.
VII European Investment Bank
Municipal Infrastructure Development Program of Ukraine
Financial resources: from 150,000 to 600,000 euros
In February 2016, the Law of Ukraine "On Ratification of the Financial Agreement (Project" Municipal Infrastructure Development Program of Ukraine ") was adopted between Ukraine and the European Investment Bank". The financial agreement provides for the mobilization of 400 million euros to modernize the housing and communal services infrastructure of Ukraine in the areas of heat supply, water supply and drainage, energy efficiency of buildings, external lighting of settlements, and domestic waste management.
Total loan repayment period (taking into account the grace period): 15 years for subprojects in the field of outdoor lighting of settlements and domestic waste management; 22 years for subprojects in the area of district heating and energy efficiency of buildings; 30 years for projects in the field of hot water supply, centralized and non-centralized drinking water supply, drainage. Grace period: 3 years for subprojects in the field of outdoor lighting of settlements and domestic waste management; 5 years for subprojects in the area of district heating and energy efficiency of buildings; 8 years for projects in the field of hot water supply, centralized and non-centralized drinking water supply, drainage. The terms of construction for subprojects can’t exceed the duration of the grace period.
The final beneficiaries of the loan may be central and local executive authorities, local governments, state and municipal enterprises (including enterprises with a state or communal share of more than 50 percent).
Prepared by Maria Palchuk for the Public Space
(NGO "Society of Researchers of Ukraine"